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The term ‘sole’ means single and ‘proprietorship’ means ‘ownership’. So, only one person is the owner of the business organization. This is a specific type of business unit where one person is solely responsible for providing the capital and bearing the risk of the enterprise, and for the management of the business. The owner himself/herself manages the business as per his/her own skill and intelligence. There is no separation of ownership and management as is the case with company form of business organization.


  • Easy to form and wind up

  • Quick decision and prompt action

  • Direct motivation

  • Flexibility in operation

  • Maintenance of business secrets

  • Personal touch


  • Limited resources

  • Lack of continuity

  • Unlimited liability

  • Not suitable for large scale operation

  • Limited managerial expertise

How to Register a Sole Proprietorship Company in India?

Find in this article a detailed step by step guide on requirements, fees, and the process of starting a sole proprietorship company.

There are many ways of registering a business in India. Presently, some of the most popular forms of registering a small business firm are Proprietorship, OPC, LLP, and Private Limited Company. Based on nature and magnitude of your business you need to decide which company formation is best suited for your venture.

Stepwise Guide to Registering a Sole Proprietorship Firm in India

Before, we explain the steps in detail of registering a proprietorship business in India, let us first try to understand what is actually meant by sole proprietorship company in India.

What Is a Sole Proprietorship Company?

A sole proprietorship company is a form of the organization managed and owned and run by a single person. Simply put, in a Sole proprietorship firm, only one person controls the entire business. As a matter of fact, the owner and the business are treated as one single entity.

This form of organization is the most popular business entity in India. This type of company is perfect for people starting a business venture for the first time.

Let us go through the advantage and disadvantages of a Sole Proprietorship company.

Advantages of Sole Proprietorship Company

The proprietorship organization has many advantages. However, it has so many disadvantages too. You must take a decision on some crucial factors. Here we put some of the basic considerations.

  • Easy to Start

This type of organization is easy to open. You only need to have a current business bank account for operation. And after that, you can apply for the other necessary licenses.

  • Easy Compliances

As a proprietorship owner, you don’t have to file the tax compliances separately. You will enjoy tax benefits of paying taxes at individual tax rates instead of corporate rates.

  • Utmost Control

In this type of the organization, you have the entire control of your company. You can take any sort of decision without asking anyone or making any resolution.

Disadvantages of Sole Proprietorship Company

  • Liability

In this type of business entity, you have the entire liability of your organization. If anything goes wrong, you are the person who needs to take care of everything. Even, you could be sued for any unlawful acts committed by the employees. Therefore, this is the biggest disadvantages of a sole proprietorship company.

  • Difficulty in Raising Capital

It is difficult to raise fund for a proprietorship company compared to other forms of organizations. Additionally, a proprietorship firm is not eligible for issuing stocks or other money-generating investments like corporations do.

Who Can Register a Sole Proprietorship Company?

Any Indian citizen with an age of 18 years+ can start this types of organization. However, he or she must have a PAN Card and current bank account. A sole proprietorship company doesn’t demand any kind of ROC registration and compliances.

Business wise, any types of manufacturing, service-based or retail organization can open this type of organization. This form of business is also perfect for the self-employed businesses.

The process of Registering a Sole Proprietorship Firm

Before you apply for sole proprietorship firm registration, you must be ready with the following documents:

Regardless you are starting a manufacturing or service based or retail business, select a name of your business. Additionally, if you want to protect the name of your company or brand, go for Trademark registration.

  • Apply for a Trade License. To obtain a trade license in India, you must mention the address of the place you will be operating the business.

  • If you are starting the business from a rental property, then mention it in the agreement. Bank may ask you to submit as the proof of an address of the business.

  • Municipal Authority will issue an acknowledgment letter of having the application. It helps in opening a bank account.

  • After you receive trade license certificate then. open a current bank account. However, according to your business size and nature of the business, select a bank carefully. Because, before having a current bank account, you won’t be able to apply for any other licenses.

  • After getting the bank account, you can apply for other licenses like VAT, Service Tax,

During the process of firm registration, the following documents will be required:

  1. Copy of your PAN card

  2. Address Proof (Aaadhar Card, Voter Card, Passport, or Utility Bills)

  3. Passport sized Photographs

  4. Proof of address for your business

  5. Shops and Establishments registration certificate (for opening a current bank account) Bank account statement (for at least 6 months) from the current banker. Current account details (for VAT/CST/Service Tax registration)

The process of registration normally takes not more than 2 days. However, the time period may vary depending on the nature of registration.

Fees Required to Register a Sole Proprietorship Firm in India

The government fees for registering a sole proprietorship firm in India is INR 500 onwards depending on the nature of your business. If you hire a professional, you have to pay for him/ her extra.

However, it is always better to start a business as proprietorship company when you want to taste the water first. ARE provides legal and documentation support and consulting in Sole Proprietorship Registration. ARE Consultancy guides up in for the registration process for the requirements and responsibility of the applicants who want to register MSME. If the entrepreneurs who want to form and register Sole Proprietorship have been facing any trouble with the registration process and they think they need help, then ARE helps to resolve the problem and legally supports to register MSME in regular process.


Project Manager

ARE (Arms for Rural Entrepreneurs)

Karunagappally, Kollam-690544

Mail:, Tel: +91-7907048573

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