MUDRA is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) that is responsible for developing and refinancing all SME units by helping them with the necessary finance and related support.
Micro-Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) loan is one of the key measures that the Government of India has initiated to promote Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) nationwide. Also known as Mudra Loan Yojana, Mudra Bank Scheme or Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY), the loan has gained more attention after the initiatives of the ‘Make in India’ campaign. Under the scheme, loans of minimum Rs. 50,000 and maximum up to Rs. 10 lakhs are provided to start-up enterprises and small business units. The credit products offered by MUDRA, popularly known as Mudra loans, help micro units or small businesses to grow and expand their businesses or manage operational needs through easy finance schemes.
MUDRA has partnered with a myriad of regional and state level banks, and Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs) in addition to other lending institutions. Through the Mudra Loan Yojana, the Government wants to ensure that proper credit facility is provided to budding entrepreneurs. This revolutionary step, introduced by the slogan “Fund the Unfunded”, focuses on helping the government realize its vision of making the neglected sections of the population, self-reliant and self-dependent.
Tapping into Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) and bringing some order to this part of the industry will also help improve this Non-Corporate Small Business Sector (NCSBS) and generate more employment opportunities. This will be a substantial step in strengthening the Indian economy, as the MSME sector has historically been one of the major employment generators for people after agriculture.
The introduction of the Mudra Bank Loan Yojana will also ensure that business owners do not have to rely on personal networks or private money lenders who charge exorbitant interest rates and extend credit on unreasonable terms and conditions
Mudra card is a debit card that is issued to the loan applicants who wish to apply for Mudra loan. When a loan applicant applied for Mudra loan and if it gets approved, the bank or the financial lender opens a Mudra loan account and issues the card along with it. The amount is disbursed into the Mudra account so the loan applicant can debit the amount from their Mudra account. This process also helps in keeping a credit history for the borrower who has applied for the Mudra loan scheme.
Mudra Loan Eligibility
Mudra loan can be availed by the following entities:
Small Industrialists and Manufacturers
Individuals involved with Agricultural activities
Further mentioned are the lending institutions that are eligible to provide Mudra Loan:
Public Sector Banks
Private Sector Banks
Regional Rural Banks (RRBs)
Small Finance Banks (SFBs)
Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs)
Types of Mudra Loans
Mudra loans have been classified into three different categories based on the funding requirements and the amount of loan for which business owners are eligible. The three main categories of Mudra loans are briefly discussed here:
Shishu Category: This is the first category of the Mudra loan that is suited for micro units or small business owners. The owners can apply for a loan up to Rs. 50,000 under this loan scheme. This category of Mudra loans is targeted at small start-ups where the owners need small capital to get started. Borrowers must present their business idea when they are applying for this Mudra loan to get approval on their loan application
Kishore Category: Mudra loan’s Kishore category is targeted at small businesses that have already started their business and want to establish it as a viable enterprise. A loan cover of Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 5 lakhs is offered under this scheme. Many businesses can use this to strengthen their foundation. There is a slight variation in the application procedure among different banks. The borrower must fill the application form and present the relevant documents to showcase the current position of their enterprise
Tarun Category: All small businesses that have been set up and established but need capital for expansion can apply for a Mudra loan under the Tarun category. The business owners are eligible for a loan of up to Rs. 10 lakh. This type of Mudra loan offers the maximum loan amount that a sole proprietor or a micro enterprise can apply
The interest rates for all of these Mudra loan categories may vary slightly from one bank to another.
If you apply for a Mudra loan, there is no need for a collateral security or third-party guarantee. The application criteria for a Mudra loan vary from one bank to another. You need to check with the bank of your choice about the interest rates they offer, in addition to clarify any query on the application form to apply for a Mudra loan.
Not all banks and financial institutions offer Mudra loans to their customers. There is an eligibility criteria set by the government that the banks have to meet to offer the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY). Nonetheless, there are several commercial public and private-sector banks, regional rural banks, scheduled urban co-operative banks, state cooperative banks in addition to micro financial institutions that are eligible to offer these loans. You can ask your present bank whether they offer Mudra loans or not.
Main Purpose of Mudra Loan
To ensure a balance in the employment creation, Mudra Loan is directed to vendors, shopkeepers, provide working capital loan through the Mudra Cards, provide equipment financing for micro units along with transport vehicle loans.
Mudra for Business vendors and Shopkeepers
Mudra loan scheme can be of a big help for vendors and shopkeepers by availing loan amount up to Rs. 50,000 up to Rs.10 lakh for different business and entrepreneurial activities, and trading and non-farming activities.
Food Production Sector
Entrepreneurs dealing in Tiffin services, food stalls, cold storage, small food practices can avail Mudra Loan scheme and scale up their business with the help of Mudra funding.
Textile industry can avail great monetary benefits like the handloom sector, fashion designing, apparel designing, khadi work or any traditional or modern textile work with the help of Mudra loan scheme.
Some agricultural activities like poultry farming, dairy farming, fishing, livestock rearing, improvement of long and small canals and wells come under the loan scheme of Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) and can avail a good funding under this loan scheme.
Responsibilities of MUDRA
MUDRA will be a key player in making the Government’s vision of “Fund the Unfunded” come true. Below are a few of the main responsibilities of the agency:
Lays down policies for MSMEs
Accreditation of MFI entities
Provide Small Business Units (SBUs) access to institutional finance
Lay down practices to prevent indebtedness, ensuring client protection principles and methods of recovery
Assist new entrepreneurs in getting financial assistance through Mudra loans
Regulate the banks and MFIs in the business of lending Mudra loans to MSMEs
Most of the small business units and entrepreneurs have to depend on private money lenders and financiers who charge high interest rates. Mudra loan can now help small business units get a loan from government recognised financial institutions easily and at lower interest rates. This will help in promoting the Non-Corporate Small Business Sector (NCSBS) immensely.
Easy access to institutional finance will be able to turn micro enterprise units into strong contributors to the GDP growth and employment opportunities. Some of the other well-performing initiatives under the financial inclusion services include Pradhan Mantri Jivan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY), Pradhan Mantri Jan Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMJSBY), Atal Pension Yojana (APY), and Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY).
Right from its inception, MUDRA and PMMY have already helped millions of micro-entrepreneur’s access credit from the standard financial system. This has made a lasting impact to the development of the MSME sector and helped fuel the economic growth of the nation.
The micro enterprise sector in India comprises a large number of micro, small and medium units catering to processing, manufacturing, trading, and services sectors. These include fruit and vegetable vendors, small fleet operators, food-service joints, repair and maintenance shops, artisans, etc. The standard banking measures and products have not been effective to meet the financial requirements of this sector since these micro units are predominantly sole proprietorship or own account enterprises, a segment that usually fails to meet the stringent checks of banks for loans.
Benefits & Features of Mudra Loan
No minimum loan amount under Mudra scheme
No security or collateral is required of the applicant, for availing the scheme
Mudra loans do not levy any processing charges
All non-farm enterprises, i.e. small or micro firms engaged in the generation of income can avail of this loan
Mudra loan acquired by an applicant can be used for different purposes, since the loan facility is extended under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) for any type of fund or non-fund based needs
The application process for a Mudra loan is similar to any other business loan. Typically, the documents that borrowers need to submit along with the application form of a Mudra loan are listed here.
Proof of Identity (Aadhar Card//Voter ID card/Passport/Driving License, etc.)
Proof of Residence (Aadhar Card/Voter ID card/Passport/Telephone Bill/Bank Statement, etc.)
Proof of belonging to a special category, such as SC, ST, OBC, Minority, etc. (if applicable)
Proof of Identity, Address, Licenses of the enterprise (if any)
Quotation of items to be purchased for business use (if any)
Recent 2 passport sized photographs of the applicant
You must ensure that you fill the application form properly before submitting it to the bank for consideration. If you are a start-up, you will have to submit your well-written business plan as well to get the approval for the loan.
Apply for a Mudra Loan
The application form is available at mudra.org.in, so you can download the form and fill in all the required details. Different banks may have slightly different application procedures for the Mudra loans. You must visit the nearest branch of the desired bank from where you want to get the loan and submit the filled downloaded form and complete the bank formalities. It is advisable to start with the bank where you already have an account to get the Mudra loan approved easily.
Banks offer a Mudra Loan
Commercial banks in both private and public sectors are eligible to offer Mudra loans. There are a few Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) that are also eligible to grant Mudra loans. Since the interest rates and eligibility criteria vary slightly from one bank to another, you must gather the information you need from a few different banks, before you apply for the loan.
Repayment tenure of the Mudra Loan
Repayment tenure of Mudra loan is maximum up to 5 years
Minimum loan amount offered under Mudra Loan
Minimum loan amount offered under Mudra loan is Rs. 50,000, whereas the maximum loan amount sanctioned is up to Rs. 10 lakhs.
Banks offer different interest rates for Mudra Loans
Slight variation in the interest rates, eligibility criteria and application procedure of different banks. However, the interest rates stay within the range specified for Shishu, Kishore and Tarun Mudra loans by MUDRA.
People from metropolitan cities apply for a Mudra Loan
Sole proprietors and the owners of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) engaged in non-agricultural services and activities across the country, including metro, urban, semi-urban and rural areas can apply for a Mudra loan.
Special Mudra loan scheme for women
United Mahila Udhyami Yojana is a part of the Mudra scheme. Under this, women engaged in production, manufacturing or service-related economic activities can apply for a loan. This scheme is specially formulated to empower women entrepreneurs and encourage them further. Women with more than 50% financial holdings in a company can also apply for a Mudra loan under this category.
MUDRA help to start my own business
MUDRA offers loans to start-ups in the manufacturing, trading and other non-agricultural sectors. To get a Mudra loan for your start up, you need to present your business plan along with the duly filled application form. Thousands of budding entrepreneurs have already availed Mudra loans to realise their dreams.
Mudra Loan available for business expansion
Avail assistance under the “Shishu” or “Kishore” category of Micro Credit Scheme of MUDRA to expand your business. Contact your nearest Micro Finance Institution (MFI) to know the application procedure and eligibility criteria.
Reservation system in place for Mudra loans
Any micro enterprise or sole proprietor can apply for a Mudra loan. Anyone who is eligible for a Mudra loan and completes the application formalities properly can get the loan. Hence, there is no reservation system applicable for a Mudra loan.
Mudra Loan Card
Mudra Loan Card, or simply a Mudra Card, is a card that offers cash credit services and can also be used overdraft by small business owners. It can also act as a debit card that owners can swipe at Points of Sale (PoS) with merchants or use to withdraw cash from an ATM. The Mudra card works on the RuPay platform, as well.